Resurrection | Other New Testament Writings

The following belongs to a series entitled “An Introductory Biblical Theology of Resurrection.” Read other posts belonging to this series here.


Other New Testament Writings


The book of Hebrews calls “the resurrection of the dead” an “elementary doctrine” (6:1-3; see also 11:19, 35). The author presupposes Christ’s resurrection (i.e., 1:3-4; 12:1-2; etc.) and explicitly mentions it once (13:20). In His resurrection, Christ has destroyed the power of death and the devil (2:14-15). And whereas former priests suffered death (7:23), “by the power of an indestructible life” (7:16), Christ “holds his priesthood permanently” (7:24) because he “always lives to make intercession” (7:25).

1 Peter

For Peter, even amidst trials and tribulation (1:6), those who have been born again have a hope—not a dead, empty, or vain hope, but a genuine, living hope grounded in the living Christ, raised from the dead (1:3; cf. 1 Cor 15:17-19).[1] Likewise, “God purposed that people would put their faith and hope in him as a result of Christ’s work” (1:21).[2] Contrasting to spheres of existence,[3] Christ died with respect to the flesh—old order—but was raised with respect to the Spirit—new eschatological order (3:18). Through Christ’s resurrection, He has triumphed over demonic forces and is seated at the right hand of God (3:18-22).[4] And on the basis of Christ’s resurrection, believers appeal to God for a good conscience in Baptism (3:21).[5]


The book of Revelation is properly the revelation of the risen Christ, the lamb who was slain (5:6, 12) and who has received a supreme, kingly position (1:5; an allusion is made to Ps 89:27, 37)[6] and authority over death (1:18) as result of His resurrection. But furthermore in Revelation, God’s two witnesses are killed (13:3-8); but after three and a half days they are resurrected (11:3-11). The first beast receives a deceiving false-resurrection (13:3, 12, 14). At Christ’s return the saints are raised (the “first resurrection”) to reign with Christ for 1,000 years (20:4-6; cf. Dan 7:22).[7] At the end of these 1,000 years, Death and Hades give up their dead who are then judged and cast into the lake of fire, which is the “second death” (11:18; 20:5, 11-15; 21:8). And finally, God ushers in the new heavens and new earth, at which point the final and ultimate defeat of death occurs (21:4).


[1] Thomas R. Schreiner, 1, 2 Peter, Jude (Nashville, TN: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 2003), 62; Karen H. Jobes, 1 Peter (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2005), 85; Peter H. Davids, The First Epistle of Peter (Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1990), 52; contra. Wayne A. Grudem who interprets this text as teaching Christ’s resurrection as the means of rebirth (1 Peter [Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1988], 56).

[2] Schreiner, 1, 2 Peter, Jude, 89.

[3] Davids, The First Epistle of Peter, 137; Jobes, 1 Peter, 237–242.

[4] Schreiner, 1, 2 Peter, Jude, 179–198.

[5] Ibid., 193–197.

[6] G. K. Beale, The Book of Revelation: A Commentary on the Greek Text (Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1999), 190–191.

[7] The “martyrs” are a part representing the whole—all believers (Grant R. Osborne, Revelation [Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2002], 705).