A Tabular Comparison of the Westminster Confession of Faith (1646) and the Second London Baptist Confession of Faith (1689)

I found this tabular comparison between the Westminster Confession of Faith (1646) and the Second London Baptist Confession of Faith (1689) by James N. Anderson and thought I’d share it in case anyone else might find it useful.

For those of you who don’t know, in the 17th century, English Baptists constructed an original confession now called the First London Baptist Confession of Faith (1644). It is Reformed in terms of soteriology (the doctrine of salvation). In other words, it’s ‘Calvinistic’ in the typical sense of how that word is often used today.

However, the authors of this second confession basically reduplicated the Westminster Confession in an attempt to align themselves much more closely to Reformed (specifically Covenant) Theology. In other words, they not only sought to align themselves with Reformed soteriology, but also, to some degree, with Reformed theology more broadly.[1]

Nonetheless, being Baptists, they obviously didn’t reduplicate everything in the Westminster Confession.[2] So, we find differences.

This chart makes it very easy to examine those differences.


[1] For this reason, New Covenant Theology adheres to the First London Confession but rejects the Second.

[2] Note: baptist distinctives are incompatible with full-on, traditional, Reformed covenant theology by definition of holding to baptist ecclesiology (doctrine of the church).